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Ul founded Armenia; and Gather the Bactrians; and Mesa the Mesaneans; it is now called Charax Spasini." Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the mountains of Ararat.
There is evidence of an early civilisation in Armenia in the Bronze Age and earlier, dating to about 4000 BC.
Historian Flavius Josephus states in his Antiquities of the Jews, "Aram had the Aramites, which the Greeks called Syrians;...
Of the four sons of Aram, Uz founded Trachonitis and Damascus: this country lies between Palestine and Celesyria.
), the legendary patriarch of the Armenians and a great-great-grandson of Noah, who, according to the 5th-century AD author Moses of Chorene, defeated the Babylonian king Bel in 2492 BC and established his nation in the Ararat region.
In the 1st century BC the Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great.